Ukraine signed an agreement on unblocking the export of Ukrainian grain with Turkey and the UN, but not with Russia, Andriy Sybiha, deputy chief of staff of the Presidential Office of Ukraine said in a Facebook post.
Earlier presidential advisor Mykhailo Podolyak said in a tweet on July 22 that Ukraine won't sign an agreement directly with Russia and informed Russia signed a similar agreement with the UN and Turkey.
“Ukraine doesn’t sign any documents with Russia,” Podolyak said on Twitter. “We sign an agreement with Turkey and the UN and assume obligations to these parties. Russia is signing a mirror agreement with Turkey and the UN.”
He added that the terms of the agreement include the absence of Russian Navy escort for cargo ships and representatives of the aggressor-country in Ukrainian ports.
“In case of provocation, an immediate military response will follow,” said Podolyak. “All inspections of cargo ships will be carried out by general control groups in Turkish waters if such a need arises.”
On July 22, Ukraine, Russia and Turkey will sign an agreement proposed by the UN to unblock Ukrainian grain exports.
On July 13, the first meeting was held on the issue of unblocking the Ukrainian grain export through the Black Sea, which was attended by representatives of Ukraine, Russia, Turkey and the UN.
Delegations agreed to set up a coordination center in Istanbul and agreed on "joint control at points of departure and arrival."
Russia deliberately blocks Ukrainian ports and sea routes in the Black Sea to export grain from Ukraine. Russia also prevents grain exports by rail by launching missile strikes on grain elevators, railway infrastructure and even grain fields, provoking arson. Kremlin officials demanded that the sanctions imposed on Russia for the war against Ukraine be lifted in exchange for the unblocking of Ukrainian ports.