June 3 marks 100 days since Russia launched its full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Moscow’s armies continue to pillage Ukrainian territory, despite sustaining huge losses. The scope and scale of Russian war crimes in Ukraine is virtually unheard of since the Second World War.
According to the Office of the President of Ukraine and the Kyiv School of Economics, Ukraine has sustained over $600 billion in damage from the invasion, including $105 billion in infrastructure damage. The country’s economy has contracted by 35%; over 200 factories have been destroyed.
Tens of thousands of civilians and soldiers have been killed over the course of this brutal phase of the war.
Mariupol, Kharkiv, Chernihiv, Severodonetsk, and Lysychansk are among the Ukrainian cities that have sustained the most ruination in these 100 days.
Here are some figures that outline the scope of Ukrainian losses in the war:
- Over 44 million meters squared of housing;
- 6,300 kilometers of railways;
- 41 railway bridges;
- 634 healthcare facilities;
- 1,123 education facilities;
- 621 kindergartens;
- 19 oil depots;
- 19 malls.
These stats only partially reflect millions of ruined Ukrainian lives: family members have been killed, forced to flee abroad, ended up under occupation, or have been deported.
NV has attempted to quantify the results of the first 100 days of the Russian invasion.
1. Russia captured 3,600 settlements, although 1,000 of them have since been liberated.
These are the most recent numbers, provided by President Volodymyr Zelensky on June 2. He said that Russian invaders have captured 3,620 settlements in Ukraine. The Ukrainian armed forces have since liberated 1,017 of them.
2,603 Ukrainian cities, towns, and villages remain under occupation.
The only regional capital Russia managed to seize is Kherson. With its 450,000 residents, Mariupol remains the largest Ukrainian city to have fallen.
2. Russian troops control around 20% of Ukraine’s territory.
According to Zelensky, Russia holds almost 125,000 square kilometers of Ukrainian territory, or 20% of the country.
To put it into perspective, Russia-occupied area of Ukraine is as large as:
- Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, combined (76,600 square kilometers);
- Slovakia and the Czech Republic (127,900 square kilometers);
- Nearly the whole of Greece (131,900 square kilometers);
- 35% of Germany (357,000 square kilometers);
- Half of the UK (242,500 square kilometers);
- Larger than the whole of Bulgaria, Iceland, Hungary, Portugal, Serbia, Austria, and numerous other European countries.
Twice as much of Ukrainian land – 300,000 square kilometers – has been rendered dangerous by landmines and unexploded ordnance.
According to the government, seven Ukrainian regions have areas under Russian occupation, or active battlefields:
- Dnipropetrovsk (six districts);
- Donetsk (66 districts);
- Zaporizhzhia (61 districts);
- Luhansk (37 districts);
- Mykolaiv (22 districts);
- Kharkiv (5 districts);
- Kherson (49 districts).
3. Nearly 31,000 Russian troops have been killed in action.
In a little over three months of war, the Russian army has lost 30,850 troops in Ukraine – roughly 10,000 soldiers per month. Military experts, including former Ukrainian defense minister Andriy Zahorodnyuk, estimate that non-lethal casualties are two or three times as large. This puts total Russian casualties at 60,000 troops, minimum.
Pre-war estimates suggested that Moscow has assembled an invasion force of 150,000 troops around Ukrainian borders. Meaning that Russia has since 20% of it killed, and 40% – wounded.
31,000 KIA over 100 days of invasion is a colossal casualty level, compared to other military conflicts:
- Twice as much as the Soviet losses in 10 years of the Afghan War (1979-1989). That conflict saw Moscow lose 15,000 troops killed, and 54,000 – wounded.
- The number is more than Russia’s official losses in two Chechen wars. During the first Chechen campaign (1994-1996), the Kremlin lost 6,000 troops killed and missing (according to the Committee of Soldiers' Mothersof Russia, the figure is closer to 14,000). The second campaign (active phase in 1999-2000) cost Moscow 7,400 in troop fatalities.
- The United States lost more than 6,900 troops in 20 years of war in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Iraq war (2003-2011) cost Washington 4,500 U.S. soldiers; the war in Afghanistan (2001-2021) – 2,400 troops.
- Over 50% of total U.S. losses in the Vietnam War (1965-1973). Over eight years, the United States lost 58,281 soldiers in Vietnam. This means that in 100 days of the war in Ukraine, Russian losses amount to 53% of U.S. losses in Vietnam.
4. 210 Russian warplanes and 175 helicopters have been lost in Ukraine.
As of June 2, Ukrainian General Staff figures suggest Russia has lost 56% of the warplanes it committed to the invasion of Ukraine (210 out of 375), and 73% of the helicopters (175 out of 240).
Additionally, 175 downed Russian helicopters represent greater losses than Moscow sustained in its four previous wars (83 helicopters):
- The First Chechen War – 21;
- The Second Chechen War – 36;
- The invasion of Georgia – 3;
- The Syrian campaign – 23.
210 downed Russian warplanes is more than the entire air forces of some countries:
- Kazakhstan – 120;
- Poland – 112;
- Belarus – 105.
Other Russian military equipment losses are as follows:
- Tanks – 1,363 (80% of the initial invasion force of 1,700);
- IFVs & IMVs – 3,354 (78% of the initial invasion force of 4,300);
- Artillery systems – 661 (28% of the initial invasion force of 2,300);
- MLRS – 207;
- Anti-aircraft defense systems – 95;
- UAVs – 521;
- Cruise missiles – 120;
- Naval vessels – 13;
- Supply and fuel trucks – 2,325;
- Specialized military equipment – 51.
5. Every day, Ukraine loses 60-100 soldiers.
Recently, Ukraine’s Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov said the country is going through the most critical phase of the war, and stressed the urgent need for further shipments of Western weapons: “We’re engaged in very bloody fighting in the east,” he said. “We lack heavy weapons to push the enemy out.”
On the subject of Ukrainian losses on the battlefields, President Zelensky had the following to say during an interview with Newsmax on June 1: “The situation is dire: 60-100 of our soldiers are killed and 500 are wounded, every day. That’s how we hold our ground.”
Ukraine is not disclosing the total number of its casualties in this phase of the war. In mid-April, Zelensky said that 2,500-3,000 Ukrainian troops had been killed. At that time, Russian losses were estimated at around 19,000-20,000.
In the previous eight years of the war in Donbas, 4,100 Ukrainian soldiers were killed (prior to the Feb. 24 invasion), according to UN data.
6. 1.4 million Ukrainian have been deported to Russia.
That’s the figure provided by Ukraine’s UN ambassador Serhiy Dvornik, during a UN Security Council meeting in late May. He added that 16% of them are children (taken from orphanages, separated from their parents, or deported along with their families).
“The kidnapping of at least 230,000 Ukrainian children among 1.4 million Ukrainian citizens forcibly deported to Russia is a crime aimed at destroying the Ukrainian nation by depriving it of its younger generations, which is a modern manifestation of colonialism,” said Dvornik.
7. Every day, 2-3 Ukrainian children are killed.
Since the Feb. 24 Russian invasion, at least 261 Ukrainian children have been killed, and 460 injured.
Most of the children were killed or injured in Donetsk (184), Kyiv (116), and Kharkiv (112) regions, according to preliminary figures provided by the Office of the Prosecutor-General of Ukraine.
On June 1, UNICEF reported similar figures, saying that two-three children are killed in Ukraine every day on average, with four more sustaining injuries due to the conflict.
According to the report, 2/3 of Ukrainian children were forced to flee their homes because of the war. Three million children in Ukraine, and 2.2 million Ukrainian children abroad are in need of humanitarian relief. The devastating effect of this conflict on children is the greatest since WWII.
8. In preliminary figures, the UN has verified reports of 4,100 civilian deaths.
At least 4,113 civilians have been killed and 4,916 wounded since Russia launched its full-scale invasion, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights said on May 31. The report stresses that the actual casualty figures are much higher: UN reporting is based on data that has already been verified.
For areas near active fighting in Ukraine, information remains unavailable.
The UN is unable to independently verify reports coming from places under Russian occupation, like Mariupol, Izyum, and Popasna.
According to Ukraine, 1,288 bodies of killed civilians have ben found across Kyiv Oblast alone. Head of the regional police Andriy Nebytov said the victims were killed by Russian troops during their occupation of the region in March. Most of the victims were murdered execution-style with shots to head by automatic rifles.
9. Civilian casualties in Mariupol could range from 22,000 to 50,000, according to Ukraine’s own estimates.
After holding out against relentless Russian assaults for 80 days, Mariupol became the epicenter of barbaric Russian war crimes.
The city came under siege mere days after the invasion commenced. Residents had to survive without power, water, heating, or food supply. Most municipal services are still not available in Mariupol. The Russians were preventing civilians from fleeing to government-controlled areas of Ukraine, forcing them instead to go through “filtration camps,” where people risked being tortured and killed.
In one of the most harrowing figures of this war, Mariupol municipal authorities estimate that at least 20,000-22,000 people have died in the city.
Actual civilian casualties in Mariupol could be much higher. On June 1, The Guardian reported that, according to an unnamed Mariupol funeral service professional, civilian deaths in the city are approaching 50,000.
10. Over 5 million Ukrainians have fled the country.
Nearly 12 million Ukrainians have been internally displaced, with 5 million more leaving the country, President Zelensky said on June 2.
At the same time, many have returned to the country, after Ukraine’s northern regions were liberated from Russian troops. Ever since mid-April, more Ukrainians are entering the country than leaving it. According to the State Border Guard Service, net daily border crossings into Ukraine are at around 30,000.
Since Feb. 24, 6.8 million Ukrainians have left the country, and 2.2 million came back, as per UN data. At the same time, these figures could be distorted, as some people cross the border back-and-forth numerous times, prompted by the developing situation and persistent security risks.