Several categories of men banned from leaving Ukraine in 2023

24 January, 05:09 PM
Departure of men across the border - in Ukraine, the rules of departure for several categories have been changed (Photo:ЛБ)

Departure of men across the border - in Ukraine, the rules of departure for several categories have been changed (Photo:ЛБ)

Ukraine has closed the border to men reserved for military service, MPs, local government members, and officials – who can no longer travel abroad without special permission during mobilization and martial law.

In 2022, MPs and officials were included on the list of people who can cross the border of Ukraine for vacation. In 2023, most officials and parliamentarians will lose the right to cross the border of Ukraine without a permit after Ukraine adopts the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated Jan. 23, 2023, on issues related to crossing the state border of Ukraine under martial law.

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In accordance with this, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has approved a list of officials and MPs who will not be able to cross the border of Ukraine by presidential decree.

The head of state emphasized that the decision applies to all central government officials and all levels of local government, "everyone who has to work for the state and within the state."

"If they want to rest now, they will rest outside the civil service. Officials will no longer be able to travel abroad for vacation or for any other non-state-related purpose," Zelenskyy said.

Permission needed to travel:

According to the presidential decree, civil servants have lost the right to go on vacation abroad. By the decision of the National Security and Defense Council, the following categories cannot go on vacation abroad:

  1. Members of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine;
  2. First deputies and deputy ministers;
  3. Heads of central executive bodies, their first deputies and deputies;
  4. Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine and his/her deputies;
  5. Heads of other auxiliary bodies and services established by the President of Ukraine and their deputies;
  6. The Head of the Security Service of Ukraine, his/her first deputy and deputies;
  7. The Chairman and members of the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting;
  8. The Chairman and members of the Accounting Chamber;
  9. Chairman and members of the Central Election Commission;
  10. Heads and members of other state collegial bodies;
  11. Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, his/her first deputies and deputies;
  12. Members of Parliament of Ukraine;
  13. The Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights and his/her representatives;
  14. Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine, his/her first deputy and deputies;
  15. The Permanent Representative of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and his/her deputies;
  16. Heads of local state administrations, their first deputies and deputies;
  17. Judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine;
  18. Judges;
  19. Prosecutors;
  20. Heads of other state bodies and their deputies;
  21. Heads of structural subdivisions of state bodies;
  22. Employees reserved for the period of mobilization and wartime by state authorities, other state bodies, and local government bodies.

All of the above persons may travel abroad for official purposes only.

The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine collected data for men and commented on the rules for traveling abroad during the war. The following rules applied to civil servants:

Civil servants and persons liable for military service who have been reserved for the period of mobilization and wartime could previously go on business trips and vacations.

For a business trip, they had to provide the documents specified in Article 2 of the Law of Ukraine On the Procedure for Departure from and Entry into Ukraine of Citizens of Ukraine and the following documents:

  • a passport of a citizen of Ukraine for traveling abroad or a diplomatic passport of Ukraine or a service passport of Ukraine;
  • documents confirming a business trip (Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 440 of April 12, 2022);
  • certificate of deferment from conscription;
  • notification of enrollment in special military registration (CMU Order No. 493-r of Aug. 8, 1995) or an extract from the order of the Ministry of Economy (according to paragraph 5 of the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 194 of 03.03.2022 "Some issues of reservation of persons liable for military service under the legal regime of martial law").

To go on vacation, they had to provide the following documents:

  • a passport of a citizen of Ukraine for traveling abroad or a diplomatic passport of Ukraine or a service passport of Ukraine;
  • documents confirming the vacation;
  • a certificate of deferment from conscription and a notice of enrollment in a special military registration (CMU Resolution No. 493-r of Aug. 8, 1995).

According to the new rules, individuals are prohibited from traveling abroad on vacation and without the relevant documents.

Within five days, the Cabinet of Ministers is to develop rules for crossing the border by officials, according to which they will be able to leave Ukraine only on "genuine official trips."

Ukraine’s SBU security service should take measures to verify the legality of decisions of the Ministry of Community Development, Territories and Infrastructure of Ukraine, regional and Kyiv city military administrations on the departure of Ukrainian citizens from Ukraine, including by vehicles, as well as the legality and validity of entering relevant information into the “Shlyakh” information system.

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The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine should ensure that the military administration and military commanders strictly comply with the requirements of the law when dealing with issues related to crossing the state border of Ukraine.

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