Centre for Defense Strategies (CDS) is a Ukrainian security think. We operate since 2020 and are involved in security studies, defense policy research and advocacy. Here is CDS’s analysis of the main events of the Russian war against Ukraine occurred on April 10.
Office of Ukraine's Prosecutor General reports that since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, 177 children have died, and more than 336 have been injured. However, the data is not final since the information collection continues in the areas of active hostilities, in the temporarily occupied and liberated territories. The Commissioner of the Verkhovna Rada for Human Rights, Lyudmila Denisova, published the horrific facts of the Russian occupiers' torture, assault, and rape of Ukrainian civilians.
The ombudswoman also reported that Russia is once again forcibly issuing Russian passports to Ukrainians. It is already known about the issue of 12,000 of documents. Denisova stated that there are special camps for deported Ukrainians in Russia. They mostly keep women and children there without access to clothes, food, and necessary hygiene products.
The death of 1,222 residents of the Kyiv region at the hands of the Russian occupiers has been officially confirmed by Ukrainian law enforcement, Prosecutor General Irina Venediktova said. On April 10, nine humanitarian corridors were agreed to evacuate residents of the Zaporizhzhia, Luhansk, and Donetsk regions. А total of 2,824 people has been evacuated today.
2,622 people (213 Mariupol residents and 2,409 residents of Berdyansk, Melitopol, Polohy, Vasylivka) reached Zaporizhzhia by their own transport and buses via humanitarian corridors. Evacuation buses that left Zaporizhia this morning to evacuate people from Berdyansk, Tokmak, and Energodar are held by the occupying forces at a checkpoint in Vasylivka.
Despite the constant violations of the peace regime by the occupiers, 202 people were evacuated from the cities of Lysychansk, Severodonetsk, Rubizhne, Kreminna, and Popasna in the Luhansk region. This morning in Severodonetsk, Luhansk region, the Russian forces fired at a school and two high-rise residential buildings. Fortunately, there were no casualties.
Last night, the Dnepropetrovsk region recorded the "anti-record" of enemy attacks. Sirens sounded almost every hour, and the enemy hit objects in different parts of the region. The head of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional State Administration reported that the Russian invaders completely destroyed the Dnipro airport. The enemy struck the first blow at 10:00 and the second - at 12:00, when rescuers were extinguishing the fire. Six rescuers were injured, all of them in hospital, and one person is in critical condition. The Russians have started dropping a new type of parachute bombs on Kharkiv.
The city authorities are asking not to approach them. These are probably cluster shells that contain individual sub-munitions. Such sub-munitions either have primitive thermal homing heads that respond to the heat of armored vehicles or civilian cars or have no guidance systems and scatter over the area and hit everything around. In early March, the enemy had already used this kind of ammunition in the Kyiv region.
In Nova Kakhovka, Kherson region, the occupiers forbid residents to go to rallies, threatening to cut off communications, water, gas, and heating.
Today in Kherson, the invaders dispersed a peaceful demonstration supporting Ukraine. In Mariupol, the Russian occupiers continue to "clean up" the city, massacring and forcibly mobilizing local residents.
As a result of the Russian shelling in the Donetsk region, five people died in one day: 4 in Vuhledar and 1 in Novomykhailivka; In the last days, the enemy carried out seven rocket blows across the Mykolayiv region; there are no casualties. In the aftermath of the liberation of the Kyiv region from the Russian forces,
Ukrainians keep discovering death and destruction left behind by Russian occupiers in the towns and villages. After the occupiers left, a mass grave was discovered in Buzovaya village, in which the bodies of dozens of local residents were buried. In Vorzel, the invaders sacked and plundered the theological seminary, and in Irpin, they burned hundreds of copies of the Bible. In the occupied territories, the Russian military mined not only buildings and cars.
They left mined even washing machines in Ukrainian homes. Meanwhile, the temporary bridges, instead of destroyed ones, are being constructed to restore the transport connection in the Kyiv region. Near Romanovka, the bulk bridge is already ready. It was built around the clock for six days.
Construction of the bulk bridge near Stoyanka is still ongoing and will be completed in 7-10 days. The temporary crossing across the river in Irpin is almost finished. The main task is to resume traffic in the direction of Kyiv.
Business resumes work in Kyiv: yesterday, more than 900 grocery stores, 35 markets, and about 460 coffee shops worked in the city. Also reopened yesterday 55 bakeries, about 340 hairdressers and barbershops, over 110 manicure studios, 535 car service stations, 90 clothing and shoe repair shops, about 30 bike shops, 795 gadget and laptop service points, 5 dry cleaners, 75 car shops, and 35 car washes.
The strategic air-ground offensive operation of the Russian Armed Forces against Ukraine continues. Since April, Russians have changed its title to the 'Operation to Defend Donbas.' In the 46 days of fighting, the enemy partially achieved the goal of establishing the land corridor from the Russian territory through the Ukrainian Donbas to the temporarily occupied Crimea. T
he enemy attempts to occupy the entire Donetsk and Luhansk regions within their administrative borders. The Russian aggressor's key efforts are focused on capturing Mariupol and the offensive near the city of Izyum. The probability of the enemy using DRG to sabotage Ukrainian transport infrastructure remains high. The enemy continues to launch missile strikes on civilian targets throughout Ukraine.
Due to significant personnel and equipment losses, the Russian invaders set up military hospitals and military equipment repair shops in the temporarily occupied Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia, and Kherson regions.
At the same time, due to the constant stream of wounded soldiers, the occupiers' hospitals lack qualified medical personnel. In addition, the enemy has problems with medical stocks for which there is almost no replenishment.
Three days ago, a special St. Luke medical train of the Krasnoyarsk Railway arrived at the Dzhankoi station in the occupied Crimea. This train of 13 cars is built for a dual purpose - in peacetime, it serves as an outpatient clinic for remote stations in Siberia, and in wartime – as a mobile ambulance for the lightly injured. This train has never left the Krasnoyarsk Krai, and as of March 27, it was still operating full-time at the Siberian station Reshoty.
The personnel of the equipment repair shops is forced to work around the clock in the absence of a stable supply of spare parts and units. The morale of the invasion force personnel remains low and tends to deteriorate.
Volyn operational area: there is no change in the operational situation. Polissya operational area: there is no change in the operational situation. Sivesrkiy operational area: there is no change in the operational situation.
Slobozhansky operational area: the enemy partially blocks Kharkiv from the north and east, shells it with artillery and MLRS. In order to covertly move the occupation units in the Kharkiv region, the enemy is electronically suppressing cellular networks. In order to increase the grouping of troops, up to two enemy BTGs were moved from the Belgorod region to the Shevchenko district of the Kharkiv region.
The occupiers are moving additional units to the city of Izyum to strengthen the grouping in this direction.
Donetsk operational area: the enemy continues its assault. The key efforts of the occupiers are focused on capturing Rubizhne, Popasna, and Novobakhmutivka. At the same time, the invaders continue to launch airstrikes on Vuhledar and Novoselivka-2, trying to resume the offensive in the areas of Novotoshkivsky, Stepny, and Maryinka.
The enemy continues its assault on the city of Mariupol, carries out airstrikes, and attempts to capture the central part of the city. In the Luhansk region, Russian occupation administrations are stepping up their efforts to forcibly mobilize the population in the temporarily occupied territories.
Tavriya operational area: the occupiers keep trying to retain positions and frontiers on the administrative border of the Kherson region. The enemy once again tried to regain control over Oleksandrivka but traditionally failed. Up to a company tactical group of personnel and equipment were lost during the assault. The Russian occupiers continued to shell Novovorontsovka, Maryanske, Novogrigorivka, and Shevchenkove.
In the Melitopol district, Zaporizhzhia region, Russian invaders continue to search civilian homes, check documents and availability of vehicles and food supplies; conduct interrogations to find out the workplaces of close relatives, and demand information about former law enforcement officers and servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
In Nova Kakhovka, the occupiers use local printing houses to prepare campaign materials (brochures, booklets, posters, forms) for the so-called "referendum on the establishment of the Kherson People's Republic."
Pivdennobuzhskiy operational area: occupiers attempt to improve the tactical position of the divisions in the Mykolayiv direction.
Sea of Azov-Black Sea maritime operational area: there is no change in the operational situation. In the coastal direction, Russian troops are concentrating their efforts on capturing Ukrainian cities and ports in the Black and Azov Seas. The siege of Odessa from the sea continues.
Landlines of communication in the city are open and secure. Russian troops continue to launch missiles from the sea: from surface ships, submarines, and the occupied Crimea territory. Enemy activates intelligence and sabotage activity in the Odesa area.
Russian landing ships and most fire support ships for landing operations are currently in the ports of Sevastopol and Donuzlav (Crimea). The cities of Mykolayiv and Ochakiv were also attacked by Russian aircraft from the Black Sea. The defense of Mykolaiv continues. Ukrainian defenders attack and shell the enemy in the Kherson region.
The enemy transferred additional heavy forces from the occupied Crimea to the Kherson region and constantly fires at Mykolayiv from artillery and MLRS.
Dnipro • The occupiers hit a farm, industrial and infrastructural facilities; there is information about one injured civilian; • The occupiers completely destroyed the airport in Dnipro;
Luhansk • Severodonetsk was heavily shelled in the morning. Two pensioners were rescued from the rubble. One person was killed, and four were injured;
Mariupol • In Mariupol, the Russian occupation forces staged a so-called "sweep." They are looking for alleged "Nazis," killing civilians, taking pictures with bodies, and forcibly mobilizing men into the "DPR"; • Ukrainians forcibly deported from Mariupol are kept in a secure facility in the Russian region of Penza;
Kharkiv • at night, Russian invaders again fired artillery and MLRS at residential areas of Kharkiv. Total combat losses of the enemy from February 24 to April 10 were approximately: Personnel – amost 19,300 people (+200); Tanks ‒ 722 (+17); Armored combat vehicles (ACV) ‒ 1911 (+16); Operational tactical missile systems – 4 (0); Artillery systems – 342 (+7); Multiple rocket launchers (MLRS) – 108 (0); Air defense equipment – 55 (0);
Aircraft – 152 (+1); Helicopters – 137 (+1); Automotive equipment – 1384 (+19); Cutters/ships – 7 (0); UAV - 112 (0)
Ukraine, general information:
Ukraine officially introduced a complete embargo on imports of goods from Russia. As a result, all trade relations between countries are now stopped. The damage from the invasion of the Russian invaders will exceed 1 trillion dollars - Deputy Minister of Economy of Ukraine Oleksandr Hryban.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) urgently requested donors for $50 million to support Ukraine. The money will help small farmer households to "sow their fields, harvest, preserve their livestock and continue food production."
The funds will be given to farmers in cash and provided in seeds and agricultural equipment—the plan is to help 240 thousand farmers. The funds are needed immediately, as the sowing is already underway. This will be only the first tranche of $ 183.5 million needed.
According to The WSJ, over four million chickens have died at Europe's largest poultry farm in Chornobayivka, Kherson Region, which has been at the epicenter of hostilities.
According to journalists, this resulted from the local power plant damage, which led to the outage that turned off the automated system for feeding the chickens. The WSJ writes that workers tried to arrange automotive feed delivery, but the trucks came under fire, and the supply was stopped to ensure the safety of people. Instead, the factory management decided to distribute 1.45 million eggs and 90,000 remaining chickens to the company's employees and neighboring farms. Energy security: There was a rotation of personnel at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
NPP employees, who worked selflessly at the plant site during the occupation, returned to Slavutych. On April 9, the Energoatom boat delivered a new shift of 49 workers to the Chernobyl NPP and took 51 from the Pripyat River. There are currently no other ways to deliver people to the station from Slavutych. According to the State Agency of Ukraine for Exclusion Zone Management (SACP), there were two research laboratories in Chernobyl to research current radiation exposure issues.
The occupiers destroyed the central analytical laboratory of radioactive waste (RW). At the same time, they illegally penetrated the storage facilities for ionizing radiation sources, where samples of radioactive solutions and calibration sources were stored and stole and damaged 133 sources with a total activity of about 7 million Becquerels.
This is comparable to 700 kg of rad waste containing beta and gamma radiation. Even a small share of this activity is deadly if handled unprofessionally and uncontrollably. Nobody knows where these sources are now. Russian invaders also looted and destroyed the offices and laboratory of the Institute for Nuclear Safety. The laboratories had sources of ionizing radiation and samples of fuel- containing materials from the Shelter used for research. The current location of these materials is also unknown. According to SACP, the occupiers most likely took the radiation sources and the fuel samples "for souvenirs."
Carrying such a souvenir for two weeks will inevitably lead to radiation burns and radiation sickness. International diplomatic aspect: Slovakia's Interior Minister said the country could potentially send its MiG-29 fighters to Ukraine. This possibility is still vague but becomes more feasible if, until MIGs are replaced with modern aircraft in 2024, the country's airspace is protected by the American F-16s stationed in Poland. Die Welt informs that the Ukrainian government is ready to buy 100 of the 2000 Panzerhaubitze ACS and ammunition for them from Krauss-Maffei Wegmann for a total of 1.7 billion Euros.
Kyiv is also ready to buy 35 Marder BMPs after it became known that the German government had not even considered the previous Rheinmetall's AG offer. Rheinmetall had previously proposed to Bundesehr to hand over to Ukraine 100 ready-to-use Marder armored personnel carriers, which are in the service of the Bundeswehr, and replace them with those in conservation after the necessary technical upgrade. Rheimmetall also tried to buy back 4 million rounds of Marder ammunition to deliver them to Ukraine but has not received a response from the government since late March.
Die Welt also writes that the German government has information on 200 Leopard 1A5 tanks that are not needed by either the German army or others. Although military producers have provided the German government with a list of what they can offer Ukraine, Germany supplies Ukraine with equipment from the old stocks that do not include heavy weapons.
Meanwhile, the Defense Minister said that Germany had already exhausted the weapons and equipment reserves it could hand over to Ukraine. Hence, only supplies under contracts with defense concerns are currently possible. In addition to disappointment in Ukraine, such a conscious "indecision" provokes adverse reactions in Central and Eastern Europe.
German experts criticize the government and call on it to take a stronger stance to "fill the leadership vacuum" in Europe. Several European countries, including Lithuania, plan to organize training programs for the Ukrainian military to master western weapons and equipment. Until now, one of the arguments against providing Ukraine with modern powerful high-tech weapons has been that it would take a long time to learn.
That is why the preference for military aid was given to weapons and equipment of the Soviet or the Russian making, which the Armed Forces could use immediately.
However, this approach did not consider the level of military education and the operational readiness of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Implementing such training programs will lay the foundation for further integration of Ukraine into the transatlantic security space and improve interoperability. Relevant Russian news: Russia's default seems inevitable for the first time in the 21st century - Bloomberg.
The Russian Treasury has suspended the transfer of a debt in US dollars from the country's accounts in US banks. In addition, Russia paid traders in rubles instead of dollars in violation of the rules on two bonds. According to a recent ICE Data Services study, debt insurance data now gives almost a 90% chance of default within 12 months.
In the Russian consumer market, since the beginning of the year, food prices have increased the most for: sugar by 53%; salt - by 18%; margarine - by 14%; cabbage - by 85%; onion - by 63%; carrots - 53%. Prices in Russia are also rising for non-food products. In particular, prices for hygiene pads increased by 24%, diapers and washing powder - by 20%, and soap - by 17%. In addition, medicines have risen in price by 15-20% on average. Russian retail chains have begun to put magnetic anti-theft protection even on cheese, butter, and baby food.