The resolution passed by the European Parliament on setting up a special tribunal on the Russian political and military leadership for the crime of aggression against Ukraine is another important stage for the restoration of justice, a Ukrainian official has said.
“The precedent is another stage for the restoration of justice.”
According to Mudra, MEPs are calling for the creation of an international tribunal that will have enough powers to sentence the Russian and Belarusian dictators, Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko, as well as all the military and political leaders of these two countries.
The European Parliament also invited the EU and its member states, as well as their partners and allies, to engage in discussion on the legal possibility of using sovereign assets of the Russian state as reparations for the violations of international law by Russia in Ukraine — including potentially by denying such assets the protections of sovereign immunity, or limiting such protections owing to the gross nature of these violations.
“The European Parliament also supported the UN General Assembly recommendation as the first step towards the establishment by UN member states, in cooperation with Ukraine, of an international register of damage to serve as a record for future reparations for damage, loss or injury to all natural and legal persons concerned,” Mudra said.
On Jan. 19, 2023, the European Parliament adopted a resolution demanding the Russian political and military leadership be held accountable for the crime of aggression against Ukraine.
The text was adopted by 472 votes in favor, 19 against, with 33 abstentions.
The European Parliament strongly believes that the establishment of a special tribunal “would send a very clear signal to both Russian society and the international community that President Putin and the Russian leadership at large can be convicted for the crime of aggression in Ukraine.”
On Oct. 7, 2022, the Ukrainian parliament called on the international community to create a special tribunal for the crime of Russian aggression against Ukraine. Prior to that, Ukraine’s leadership also repeatedly called for the creation of the tribunal.
Russia has been waging a full-scale war against Ukraine for almost 11 months, since Feb. 24. The invaders are shelling Ukrainian cities in all regions, targeting residential buildings, hospitals, and civilian infrastructure.
The Russian invaders have been striking critical infrastructure facilities since October, including with the use of Iranian-made Shahed kamikaze drones, which has led to power outages and a significant power deficit in Ukraine’s energy system.
On Nov. 23, the European Parliament adopted a resolution to declare Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism and called for the international isolation of Russia. Soon after the adoption of the resolution, the Russian military launched a wave of mass missile strikes against Ukrainian energy infrastructure.