The Office of the President of Ukraine on Sept. 13 presented recommendations on security guarantees for Ukraine, developed on the orders of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
The recommendations, called the Kyiv Security Compact, were developed by an expert group led by Head of the President’s Office Andriy Yermak and the 12th Secretary General of NATO Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
Yermak emphasized that the agreement on security guarantees for Ukraine is not a substitute for joining NATO – it is a means of ensuring security until this accession takes place.
The recommendations provide for the following:
- The strongest security guarantee for Ukraine lies in its capacity to defend itself against an aggressor under the UN Charter’s Article 51.To do so, Ukraine needs the resources to maintain a significant defensive force capable of withstanding Russia’s armed forces and paramilitaries;
- This requires a multi-decade effort of sustained investment in Ukraine’s defence industrial base, scalable weapons transfers and intelligence support from allies, intensive training missions and joint exercises under the European Union and NATO flags;
- The security guarantees should be affirmative and clearly formulated; they lay out a range of commitments made by a group of guarantors, together with Ukraine. They need to be legally and politically binding based on bilateral agreements but brought together under a joint strategic partnership document – called the Kyiv Security Compact;
- The package of guarantees includes preventive measures of a military, financial, infrastructural, technical, and information nature to prevent new aggression, as well as measures to be taken immediately in the event of a new encroachment on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. In addition, the structure of the Kyiv Security Compact includes a full-fledged sanctions package against the aggressor state, and may also include additional components, such as agreements on providing Ukraine with modern air defense or anti-missile systems, regional agreements on security in the Black Sea, etc.;
- The Compact will bring a core group of allied countries together with Ukraine, which may include the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Poland, Italy, Germany, France, Australia, Turkey, and Nordic, Baltic, and Central European countries;
- The security guarantees are not a replacement for Ukraine’s ambition to join NATO. This aspiration is safeguarded in the Ukrainian constitution and is a sovereign decision for Ukraine. Ukraine is also on the path to EU membership. As an EU member, Ukraine will benefit from the EU’s own mutual defence clause. Both NATO and EU membership will bolster Ukraine’s security in the long-term. The guarantees outlined today in no way undermine these aims, but will ensure that Ukraine has what it needs to defend itself under any circumstance.
“We must make sure that the slogan ‘We can repeat’ causes panic attacks and bad memories among Russians, that they answer only ‘Never again!’ to it,” Yermak said.
“For this, we need a military power strong enough to discourage the Russians’ desire for revenge. And capable of causing irreparable damage to the aggressor if this desire turns out to be irresistible. Security guarantees are aimed at helping us create such power.”
The full set of recommendations is available on the president’s official website.
In turn, Zelenskyy, on his Facebook page, thanked the Yermak-Rasmussen International Working Group for drafting this package of recommendations, saying it is necessary that the Group continues its work and completes the project.